Dental plaque

Plaque is a constantly forming accumulation of bacteria and sugar on the teeth in the form of a colorless film. Plaque is the main cause of the development of caries and periodontitis, and if daily oral hygiene measures are not followed, it can subsequently harden and turn into tartar.

How do I find out if I have plaque?

Plaque is formed in everyone - the process of accumulation of bacteria in the oral cavity occurs continuously. In the process of vital activity and growth, these microorganisms use food ingredients and our saliva. They secrete acid, which begins to act on the enamel.. With repeated repeated exposure to acids, the tooth enamel is destroyed, leading to the formation of a carious cavity. Untreated plaque can lead to irritation of the gums, and then to the development of gingivitis (characterized by redness, swelling and bleeding of the gums), periodontitis and loss of teeth.

How to prevent plaque formation?

If the rules of oral hygiene are observed, it is not difficult to prevent the formation of plaque. Be sure to follow the following rules:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day in order to remove plaque from all surfaces of the teeth
  • Use dental floss daily to remove plaque from the interdental and subgingival spaces, where brushing is less effective
  • Limit the consumption of foods rich in sugar and starch, especially semi-liquid sticky snacks between main meals
  • Visit the dentist regularly for professional dental cleaning and oral examination
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